Monday, September 24, 2012

Educational Requirements For Mental Health Jobs

Mental health care is a very broad field and offers a wide range of mental health jobs. In general most of these jobs involve counseling clients or patients. Some of the mental health practitioners include psychologists, psychiatrists, psychiatric nurses, clinical social workers, professional counselors. These professionals are mostly responsible for helping patients who are diagnosed with emotional problems and mental illness. There are various professions in mental health field and each of these has a lot of career options.
Professional Counselor - There are several jobs that fall under mental health counselor category and almost all of these involve helping and assisting individuals by providing counseling and helping them attain a healthy mind. Mental health counselors use their skills and knowledge in diagnosing and assessing psychological problems, social problems and behavioral problems. A typical diagnosis is usually based on conversation with the clients, assessment of client's education, family background, work, friends, living conditions and conducting specialized tests on them. Medical health counselors generally come from diverse educational backgrounds but a majority of them are degree holders in nursing, psychology, human services, social work, etc. They generally have to obtain graduation from a high school and then have to complete a four year program in a reputed college in any of the above mentioned disciplines such as psychology, social work, human services, etc. Then they have to complete graduation ranging from one to four years in counseling or psychotherapy or psychology. They have to obtain one of the following degrees to become a professional counselor - MEd (Master of Education), MA (Master of Arts in Psychology), MSW (Master of Social Work). If interested they can even complete a doctorate in Psychology and Education (Phd or Eed). In order to become a licensed professional counselor, an individual has to have either a doctorate or a master's degree along with two years of clinical supervision and must also clear a written examination.
Psychologist - In order to take up a mental health job as a psychiatrist an individual needs to have a doctorate in psychology or can be a psychologist with a doctorate. A doctoral degree usually requires five years of full time graduate studies. A specialist degree or any of its equivalent is mostly required in few of the states in order for an individual to work as school psychologist. Also, in order to obtain a license, they need to pass a certification exam.
Psychiatrist - After completing the MD program, the real psychiatry program begins. An individual trying to secure a job as a psychiatrist has to complete a four year psychiatric residency program and has to even undergo hospital training in psychiatry.
Social Worker - A bachelor's degree in social work (BSW) is a minimum requirement in order to qualify for most of these jobs. A master's degree (MSW) is usually required in order to secure a job in private or public agencies.
With a lot of scope of growth in medical health jobs, it is high time, students notice the career prospects and make a note of the educational requirements needed to secure a job in this sector.

Sunday, September 2, 2012

Mental Health Services

It is an established fact that almost two-thirds of all people afflicted with some kind of mental dysfunction do not seek treatment. This is confirmed by the WHO's Global Burden of Disease study.
The reasons for that people do not seek treatment vary, but some of the most common ones are a fear of the social stigma attached to mental disease; a fear of compromised security (loss of job, spouse, benefits entitlement, etc.); an inability to pay for treatment; or lack of awareness of the problem.
Thankfully, many forms of mental disease are no longer looked down upon; nor are those who suffer from them necessarily ostracized in society or at the workplace. Many progressive companies now offer more time to their employees for recovery from mental illness, and there is a decided increase in general social awareness prevalent today.
Considering its increased prevalence today, it is understandable that mental health has become a lucrative money-spinner. Psychiatrists and psychologists are amongst the highest-paid professionals in the modern world. This being so, there is a lot to be said for self-help groups like Schizophrenics Anonymous, Alcoholics Anonymous, and Narcotics Anonymous. These offer an amazingly effective therapeutic support systems for sufferers, free of cost.
There are various organizations that monitor and streamline mental health efforts on a national scale today. Among them are the Center for Mental Health Services (CMHS), the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), and the Federal Action Agenda for Mental Health. These organizations exist to ensure fair and helpful practices among mental health professionals and to upgrade the standards of mental health services as and when necessary.
Basically, professional mental health services offer treatment for either the whole gamut of mental disorders, or they specialize in them individually. The onus of treatment in present times is on the most prevalent: anxiety disorders such as obsessive-compulsive and post-traumatic-stress disorders; bipolar and manic-depressive disorders; schizophrenia; behavioral disorders, such a eating disorders; and ADHD/ADD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders).